Contemporary Leadership Styles: How relevant are they in today’s changing world?

Introduction

What is Leadership? According to Mr. John C. Maxwell, leadership is influence. John C. Maxwell is an author residing in the United States and is also a professional speaker. According to him, the fundamental feature of leadership is the ability of influencing both individuals as well as groups through inspiration as well as motivation to the people for realizing the potential and making them believe in the procedure towards the ultimate ambition (Şenol et.al., 2018). There is the availability of different kinds of leadership that include traditional theories of leadership, and the contemporary style of leadership. In this blog, the relevance of the contemporary style of leadership will be discussed.

According to the contemporary style of leadership, leaders are given the ability of being more efficient and effective with the capability of recognizing the mysterious environment as well as the complexity of work, as well as the capability of reacting in accordance with the changing environment. Significant contemporary styles of leadership include transformational leadership, transactional leadership, and inspirational leadership.

Impact of Gender on Leadership Styles

A consideration that concerns the interaction of gender and character on the effectiveness of leadership is the style of leadership. Experts make indications that personality impacts the preferred style of leadership to by a leader, and gender is also likely to be impacting the preferred style of leadership. Various styles of leadership have been under-identification over the years. There have been researches in the difference of gender in leadership and the specific differences can be seen from a perspective based on both task as well as relationship (ho Kim et.l., 2016). Studies that made researches on the difference of gender have found that participative leadership style has been usually adopted by women and are considered being more transformational than men. However, other studies did not find any significant difference between the genders regarding the existence of leadership.

Impact of globalization of leadership styles

Globalization has been affecting both leadership and management through customer base, market, and rates of transfer for international employees, competition, and an increase in opportunities as well. Before the increase of globalization, organizations generally make considerations of the customer base as well as the market to be the country of origin. Due to globalization, the leadership can take the entire world of the market into consideration, along with the availability of the customer base (Khan 2016).    

Good leadership in one nation cannot be good in another country for different reasons. An efficient leader can possibly be deemed by specific features, which are favored in a certain country; however, the specific features may not be of appreciation for another nation. Countries are in possession of their own culture, and standards and both of these should be taken into account as important when there s consideration of leadership. A leader with the knowledge of ethics, beliefs, and customs of the country he or she is working in, along with basic skills of leadership can help in providing leadership that is beneficial to any business in different nations.

There is the availability of numerous skills that can be in possession of a leader and can be of help in achieving success on a global basis, and the specific skills include knowledge of the business, sensitivity, and awareness to the cultural differences, standards, commitment, courage as well as integrity. Efficient leaders cannot be good in every country unless they are they have good ethics for work, integrity on both personally as well as professionally, and have to be determined of being a good and efficient leader. If the leader is given training in the cultural standards of a country, as well as showing respect to the standards they can possibly be effective and will be respected by the entire organization in the specific nation they are providing leadership to.

Impact of Economic Globalization on Globalized Leadership

According to studies, the global exchange of services and goods has been increasing from 30% of the GDP of the entire world to around 60% in the last 40 years. There have been further additions that the foreign direct investments in organizations across borders totaled $22 trillion for the period ending in the year 2012. As a globalization result, the supply chain of the entire globe readily makes connections with the vendors of raw materials, as well as elements to the manufacturers who are involved in the production of products that are purchased by people on regular basis (Kerdngern et.al., 2017). Moreover, the services and the products that are consumed on regular basis are originated from different parts of the world. This has been leading to the creation of well-developed infrastructures of organizations, along with the systems of financing crucial for driving economic engine helping in fuelling the economic activity on a global basis. However, globalization has been raising concerns from leaders on a global basis regarding the financial sovereignty of the nation on a global basis.

Globalization is considered to be affecting every aspect of organizational interaction in an environment on a global basis. There is rapidity in the changes in the economic environment, along with the political one and the social one on a global basis. Leaders on a worldwide basis are in requirement of taking more active roles to protect the global resources and the environment while possessing care in terms of exploitation of other nations at their expense (Patil 2020). Globalization has impacted leadership and its practices on a worldwide basis. For resolving issues related to this matter, global leaders need the necessary skills and practice of leadership for leading with effectiveness in a global environment.

Conclusion

What can be learned from the above-discussed content?

  • The participative leadership style has been usually adopted by women and is considered to be more transformational than men. According to him, the fundamental feature of leadership is the ability to influence both individuals as well as groups through inspiration as well as motivation to the people for realizing the potential and making them believe in the procedure towards the ultimate ambition.
  • Good leadership in one nation cannot be good in another country for different reasons. An efficient leader can possibly be deemed by specific features, which are favored in a certain country; however, the specific features may not be of appreciation for another nation. Countries own their own culture and standards, and both of these should be taken into account as important when there s consideration of leadership.
  • The services and the products that are consumed on regular basis are originated from different parts of the world. This has been leading to the creation of well-developed infrastructures of organizations, along with the systems of financing crucial for driving economic engine helping in fuelling the economic activity on a global basis. However, globalization has been raising concerns from leaders on a global basis regarding the financial sovereignty of the nation on a global basis.

References:

Patil, M., 2020. Contemporary Leadership Style.

Kerdngern, N. and Thanitbenjasith, P., 2017. Influence of contemporary leadership on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention: A case study of the construction industry in Thailand. International Journal of Engineering Business Management9, p.1847979017723173.

Khan, S., 2016. Leadership in the digital age: A study on the effects of digitalisation on top management leadership.

ho Kim, D., ah Hahn, Y. and Sithole, M., 2016. Contemporary Leadership Style: Transactional Leadership. Journal of the Korean Society of Science and Technology, pp.325-326.

Kužnin, M. and Walker, J.K., 2017, October. Contemporary Leadership Challenges in Hospitality Organizations in Times of Uncertainty and Change. In DIEM: Dubrovnik International Economic Meeting (Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 455-468). Sveučilište u Dubrovniku.

Emuwa, A. and Fields, D., 2017. Authentic leadership as a contemporary leadership model applied in Nigeria. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies.

Kişi, N., 2019. Theoretical Perspective on Contemporary Leadership Styles: Transformational and Relational Leadership. In Handbook of Research on Contemporary Approaches in Management and Organizational Strategy (pp. 248-272). IGI Global.

Jackson, C.J., 2020. Transformational leadership and gravitas: 2000 years of no development?. Personality and Individual Differences156, p.109760.

Low, S., Butler-Henderson, K., Nash, R. and Abrams, K., 2019. Leadership development in health information management (HIM): literature review. Leadership in Health Services.

Şenol, H. and Lesinger, F.Y., 2018. The relationship between instructional leadership style, trust and school culture. In leadership. IntechOpen.

Economist, (September 30,2020), Will covid kill Globalisation? video,Youtube https://youtu.be/KJhlo6DtJIk

Hudson. Does gender have an impact on leadership characteristics? [Infographic] Hudson https://nz.hudson.com/insights/article/the-impact-of-gender-on-leadership-styles

Published by Vimal Raj

I am an MBA student in Coventry University London.

20 thoughts on “Contemporary Leadership Styles: How relevant are they in today’s changing world?

  1. Kudos to your blog !!

    I found it interesting about the way you explained about the various impacts on leadership styles.

    Being a Event Management student I would really like to know what kind of leadership style would a event manager choose.?

    Like

    1. Hi Anandhu, An Event manger will require an Affiliative style of leadership. Because it involves staying close to the people and satisfying their needs. A phrase often used to describe this type of leadership is “People come first.” Of all the leadership styles, the affiliative leadership approach is one where the leader gets up close and personal with people. A leader practicing this style pays attention to and supports the emotional needs of team members. The leader strives to open up a pipeline that connects him or her to the team.

      Ultimately, this style is all about encouraging harmony and forming collaborative relationships within teams. It’s particularly useful, for example, in smoothing conflicts among team members or reassuring people during times of stress.

      Like

    1. I will use Transactional leadership because most traditional relationships between leaders and followers are transactional, since most people believe “quid pro quo” (“something for something”) to be the ultimate purpose of negotiation. In such an arrangement, everyone is happy and thus there is no harm done.

      Like

    1. Yes, Anyone within an organization has the potential to become a leader, but managers must be leaders. In schools and in our organizations we have been taught and conditioned to believe that managers and leaders are two separate people, which is quite a harmful assumption. As a result, we have managers who cannot lead and leaders who cannot manage. A leader who cannot manage has a vision on where they want to go, but no idea of how to get there. A manager who cannot lead cannot build trust and create engagement within an organization to get to where they need to go. Neither of these scenarios is practical.

      Like

    1. Traditional leaders see power as belonging to and stemming from authority. Underpinned by hierarchy, it assesses power on longevity, first and foremost. Thus, the longer you stay, the higher you climb up the ladder. As you climb, so your power amasses and expands. While the Contemporary leadership brings something new to the table–a collaborative approach. Here leaders recognise that power is greatest when part of a collective. Collaborative contemporary leaders allow strategy to be shaped by the best ideas in the group, with problem solving being a team effort. Here, openly sharing information of resources and knowledge is vital in getting everyone on the same page. When peer-to-peer training and mentoring is available, the more creative and collaborative your organisation’s skills in problem solving will be.
      https://holtbyturner.co.uk/traditional-vs-contemporary-leadership-real-estate/

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    1. Transactional leadership, also known as managerial leadership, focuses on the role of supervision, organization, and group performance. Leaders who implement this style focus on specific tasks and use rewards and punishments to motivate followers. (Xenikou A, 2017)

      Transactional leadership is often used in business; when employees are successful, they are rewarded; when they fail, they are reprimanded or punished.

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    1. Yes, Charisma is a key ingredient for transformational leadership. Charisma refers to charm and power to inspire, motivate, and excite others. While transformational leadership relies on the leader’s charismatic power to achieve effectiveness, servant leaders create the same motivation and influence through the act of service, without grandstanding on the leader’s part.

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  2. Hello, Thank you so much. I will use the charm in my leadership. So I can have a unique vision, ready to get the job by using unconventional approaches. Charismatic leader has an aura and charming personality that attracts others. They rely of charm rather than power, for influence. Such people are far from being oblivious of their environment and they use this knowledge to change their actions and words to suit the situation. These leaders also exhibit greater confidence in their team members and build trust through visible self- sacrifice. This helps them garner support.

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  3. The laissez-faire leadership style is at the opposite end of the autocratic style. Of all the leadership styles, this one involves the least amount of oversight. You could say that the autocratic style leader stands as firm as a rock on issues, while the laissez-faire leader lets people swim with the current.

    On the surface, a laissez-faire leader may appear to trust people to know what to do, but taken to the extreme, an uninvolved leader may end up appearing aloof. While it’s beneficial to give people opportunities to spread their wings, with a total lack of direction, people may unwittingly drift in the wrong direction—away from the critical goals of the organization.

    This style can work if you’re leading highly skilled, experienced employees who are self-starters and motivated. To be most effective with this style, monitor team performance and provide regular feedback

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